Referendum is a general term which refers to a measure that appears on the ballot there are two primary types of referenda the legislative referendum whereby the legislature refers a measure to the voters for their approval and the popular referendum a measure that appears on the ballot as a result of a voter petition drive. The brexit referendum the vancouver public transit referendum the electoral reform referendum in bc the california tax referendums the quebec sovereignty association referendums all appeared to be the essence of democracy. When a referendum is put forward by the government people often vote in support if they like the leadership and vote in opposition if they dislike it according to research by lawrence leduc a political scientist and professor emeritus at the university of toronto. The government of the united kingdom has also to date held eleven major referendums within the constituent countries of england scotland wales and northern ireland on issues of devolution sovereignty and independence the first such referendum was the 1973 northern ireland border poll and as of 2018 the most recent is the 2014 scottish
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